The United States of America is bankrupt. Literally. The country has been bankrupt since June 5, 1933, when Franklin Roosevelt and the Congress passed and signed the relevant legislation. They may, apparently, have had good reason. There is, for example, the national debt, which according to <http://disc.server.com> is now in the range of $19,000,000,000,000. Approximately. Or at least that’s the amount the last time I checked.
The saga began with the Declaration of Independence, the American Revolutionary War (the apparent winner being the united States of America), adoption of the Constitution for the United States of America, and Great Britain’s later attempts to undermine the freedom of its former new world colony by the War of 1812. With the English Crown being increasingly subject to the powers of bankers (international and otherwise), the story continues with the Civil War, the U.S. Bankruptcy, and to this day the imposition of a virtual stranglehold on the people of the world (i.e. not just the United States of America) -- the latter being perpetuated by what have come to be called, the international banksters.
Much of the details of The American Bankruptcy is addressed by Representative James Traficant, Jr. (of Ohio), who in addressing the House, entered into the United States Congressional Record (March 1, 1933, Vol. 33, page H-1303) his views on the subject.
A slightly more radical (but potentially equally accurate account) is entitled “The Demise of the American Constitutional Republic” and provides a comprehensive account of the events which led up to the U. S. Bankruptcy, as well as the implications of what has transpired before and since. Below is a condensed version of this astounding story of what might be the covert control of virtually everyone.
Keep in mind that if slaves don’t know they’re slaves, then the likelihood of insurrection is nil. That’s why as long as everything is covert, there’s little possibility of a change in the State-of-affairs. Which is why so many people and organizations are attempting to get the word out on what is really happening in the land controlled by The Wizard of Oz.
The information contained within the pages of this website is for educational purposes only. Nothing set forth herein is intended to be legal advice or able to be construed as such. This discussion is private in entirety and non-negotiable between the parties. Anyone acting on any of the contents herein does so solely on the basis of her or his own volition and at his or her own risk. Everyone has the duty and absolute right to think, evaluate, research, learn, and act autonomously. Inasmuch as Law equates to the “right” to use deadly force (destructive violence), it would appear prudent for anyone to refrain from adopting any course of action without first understanding the basis and reasons thereof and how to defend it if challenged.
It has been said that “Money is the root of all evil”. More likely, according to some, Banks are the root of all evil. Money has its place. Money, in fact, enormously simplifies commerce, allows for accumulation of wealth (thus increasing the likelihood of survival), and provides greater mobility for those not wishing to carry all their baggage with them.
Debt, on the other hand, leads to enslavement. Debt is the primary tool of the banksters, who create obligations out of thin air, and use the repayment of debt (often mathematically impossible) as the means to control the debtors. It has been said that if you borrow money from a bank, the bank owns you. True. But if you borrow enough money from the bank, then you own the bank! (Because if you don’t repay the bank, they go down the drain.) Unfortunately, most of us haven’t borrowed enough money, and thereby gained control. It’s been the other way around. Debt, aka Banksters, effectively own us.
[But then again, $6.4 trillion... Maybe we do own the bank. Hmmmm...]
On the other side of the coin is real money. Gold and Silver, for example, is the money of Sovereigns. This is because:
1. Gold and silver have substance (not pieces of paper with ink/printing on them), and thereby constitute “portable allodial land titles” which signify absolute ownership and rights to property. [Look up “allodial”!]
2. When a debt is paid with gold or silver coin, it is completed and finalized absolutely. No vestige of the debt remains. The creditor-debtor relationship is dissolved. (Which is not true when you repay a debt with a debt note.)
Between 1916 and 1933 both Federal Reserve Notes (FRNs) and United States Notes were redeemable in gold. This allowed debtors to pay off debts. But this soon changed.
In order to establish people as permanent debtors -- the theory goes -- and thereby remain in perpetual legal incapacity and indentured servitude, it is essential to bar access to sovereignty, genuine law, title to substance, and freedom from indebtedness. This cannot occur if the money used for financial transactions in society (such as gold or silver) is substantive, sound, not created by debt, and free of any compelled performance for using it. One can be ruled, exploited, and enslaved only if this free, sovereign situation (gold, silver, precious metals or other substance) is replaced with legal obligation to use debt notes belonging to one's creditor(s). One is then rendered a permanent debtor, barred from access to that individual’s lawful estate as a free, sovereign being, and rendered as obligated in perpetuity to the owner of the “currency” he uses in commercial transactions and the “valuable consideration” he tenders in contracts.
If someone buys things with property (such as FRNs) that does not belong to him, and “pledges” FRNs as the only valuable consideration on contracts through which he benefits by receipt of goods, services, or specific performance, he has forfeited all right to claim true ownership and standing in law (real rights and substantive law). Such a person is thus contractually obligated to the owner of the currency that he uses to buy, sell, trade and carry on his commercial/financial life.
This situation was brought about in America through a series of organized steps that have occurred unceasingly since the founding of the country. In essence, every law, act, and action instituted by those who would conquer, subjugate, and rule nations (and make the people therein slaves to be permanently fleeced, plundered, and exploited) has been to bring about this objective. The goal is to establish a New World Order, securing complete conquest of the world. A few of the crucial milestones on this “road to serfdom” are:
1. The Civil War was fomented under the slavery issue in order to bring the US under control of the Bankers. When President Jackson vetoed the renewal of the Charter of the Rothschild’s Second Bank of the United States in 1838, America no longer had a foreign owned, paper-money “central bank.” This was an intolerable situation to the banksters, but was rectified by their initiating the Civil War under the pretext of slavery. The real reason for the War was to conquer both North and South, with the victor being Washington, DC. Once having conquered the free and independent nation States via the Civil War, one then had merely to capture Washington, DC to tie up everything into one neat package.
2. To centralize power whereby iron-clad rulership could be exercised by one man in a jurisdiction owned by the banksters, all that was required was for the President, in the role of Commander in Chief of the military, to be given the legal position to rule everything via Executive Orders (fiat/dictatorship). If such is established in a jurisdiction of Martial Law wherein all law is suspended due to the “emergency”, then all that is required thereafter is to own the office of President.
A crucial aspect of this occurred on March 27, 1861 when seven southern states walked out of Congress leaving the entire Legislative Branch of Government without a quorum. The Congress of the Constitution was dissolved because of an inability to disband or re-convene. Lincoln then issued an Executive Order in April 1861, re-convening Congress at gunpoint in Executive, emergency, martial-law-rule jurisdiction. Since that time there has been no dejure Congress and everything has functioned under color of law through Executive Order under authority of the War Powers, i.e. emergency, i.e. law of necessity. The “law of necessity” means no law whatsoever, as per such Maxims of Law as:
“Necessity knows no law” (for example, the law forbidding killing is voided when done in soft-defense).
“In time of war laws are silent.” Cicero.
3. In order to establish the underlying debt of the Government to the Bankers, and at the same time to create corporate entities that were legally subject to the jurisdiction in which they existed, and creating the jurisdiction itself correctly, the so-called (fraudulent and unratified) Fourteenth Amendment was proclaimed as passed in 1868. This is a cestui que trust incorporation in a military, private, international, commercial, de facto Jurisdiction created by, and belonging to, the Money Power, existing within the emergency of the War Powers, the only operational jurisdiction since the dissolution of Congress in 1861. Through the 14th Amendment, an artificial person-corporate entity-franchise entitled “citizen of the United States” was born into private, corporate limited liability. Section 4 of the 14th Amendment states: "The validity of the public debt of the United States [to the Bankers]...shall not be questioned."
4. Within this private jurisdiction of the International Bankers, the private and foreign-owned “Congress” formed a corporation, commercial agency, and government for the “District of Columbia” on February 21, 1871 (Chapter 62, 16 Stat. 419). This corporation was reorganized June 11, 1878 (Chapter 180, 20 Stat. 102), and re-named “United States Government.” This corporation privately trademarked the names: “United States”, “U.S.”, “US”, “U.S.A.”, “USA”, and “America”.
5. In 1912 when the bonds that were floating the US Government, owned by the Bankers, came due and the Bankers refused to re-finance the debt, the colorable, martial-law-rule Congress was compelled to pass the Federal Reserve Act of 1913. This Act surrendered (re-delegated what was exclusively delegated by the Constitution) constitutional authority to create, control, and manage the entire money supply of the United States, and handed it over to a handful of private, mostly-foreign, bankers. This placed exclusive creation and control of the money within the private, commercial, foreign, and military jurisdiction of 1861, in corporate limited liability.
Passage of the Federal Reserve Act of 1913 also set up the country for a great depression.
By definition, a depression is an economic condition wherein there is not enough money in circulation relative to the amount of products available for sale. In terms of the Law of Supply and Demand (where “demand” implies willing and able buyers), the supply was there, but the demand was greatly diminished by a lack of cash to manifest the demand.
According to some scholars, “The Great Depression was scientifically engineered by the owners of the Fed [The Federal Reserve.] simply by increasing the reserve requirement of lending banks from 20% to 25%” [i.e. the banks had to have more money on deposit as a percentage of outstanding loans in order to make new loans]. This severely restricted the availability of loans and caused a catastrophic domino-effect in the economy.
6. Through paying interest to the Federal Reserve Corporation in gold, the US Treasury became progressively depleted of its gold. America’s gold certificates, coin, and bullion were continually shipped off to the coffers of various European Banks and Power Elite. In 1933, when the Treasury was drained and the debt was larger than ever (a financial condition known as “insolvency”), Franklin Roosevelt proclaimed the bankruptcy of the United States. Every 14th-Amendment “citizen of the United States” [everything was already set up!] was pledged as an asset to finance the Chapter 11 re-organization expenses and pay interest in perpetuity to the creditors (i.e. the Federal Reserve Bankers) on the “national debt” (“which shall not be questioned”).
With the Government’s bankruptcy, “law” became “public policy”, i.e. Federal Reserve Reinsurance policy. Now operating exclusively within the jurisdiction of corporate limited-liability insurance, the Federal Reserve switched its requirements 180° and foreclosed the possibility to pay interest in gold, requiring payments on the debt and reorganization to be made with FRNs. Ownership of gold by the bankrupted, conquered citizens, made into the enemy by the Amendatory Act of March 9, 1933, was made “illegal” by Franklin Roosevelt’s Gold Proclamation (The Decree). Thereafter, the Bankers set about confiscating as much of the private gold as possible, gold that hadn’t already been shipped to the European Federal Reserve Banks as interest payments on the FRNs printed into circulation. After 1933, FRNs became increasingly unbacked, until Richard Nixon closed the silver window and removed the final vestige of backing in 1968.
By being forced to function only as a citizen of the United States, everyone was foreclosed from access to genuine law, substance, sovereignty, real law, and constitutional due process, confined to operating in law and commerce only within the Banker’s private commercial, military, limited-liability jurisdiction. Americans’ survival came to depend on acting as if they were “citizens of the United States” and inseparably united with and bound to what is called their “Straw Man”.
A person’s “Straw Man” is their ALL-CAPITAL LETTERS NAME. This is the core of the situation. It revolves around the meaning and significance of the words used in the acts involving them, especially the name. A few crucial facts concerning the name are:
1. In law, every word, letter, punctuation, and capitalization utilized in legal documents and proceedings has legal import and significance. Law means the rules revolving around the use of deadly force. The ultimate legal consequence of every word used in law is life and death. This fact imparts to law its unique importance. Law is not simply another academic pursuit, but a field bearing on one’s very survival.
2. A person’s name is a “flag” per the Law of the Flag, proclaiming their rights, standing in law, applicable law, and jurisdiction. When set forth in upper- and lower-case letters, in accord with the established rules of English grammar, a name is called a “true name”. In law, such a name signifies the real person, the living, flesh-and-blood, sentient being with free will, and unbounded spiritual dimension, absolute (unalienable) rights, full standing in law, and access to the substance and content of genuine law. When set forth in all capital letters, both law and English grammar mandate that such an assemblage of letters be considered something entirely different than a true name and all the content that a true name signifies. Such deception now comprises the foundational legal device used to control not only America, but the population of the entire world.
Every system of civilized law, however, must include two characteristics: Remedy and Recourse. Remedy is a way to get out from under the law. Recourse provides a way to recover any loss incurred by way of damage from the law.
Even the banksters must follow the law. Otherwise they would be at each other’s throats! Never assume that all the crooks have the same agenda. They don’t. And their children don’t necessarily have the same agenda as their parents. Accordingly, there still exists law which includes Remedy and Recourse .
On October 6, 1917, Congress passed the Trading With the Enemy Act (aka H.R. 4960, Public, No. 91). This nefarious act reads, in part:
“... (b) During time of war or during any other period of national emergency declared by the President, the President may, through any agency that he may designate, or otherwise, investigate, regulate, or prohibit, under such rules and regulations as he may prescribe, by means of licenses or otherwise, any transactions in foreign exchange, transfers of credit between or payments by banking institutions as defined by the President, and export, hoarding, melting, or earmarking of gold or silver coin or bullion or currency, by any person within the United States or any place subject to the jurisdiction thereof: and the President may require any person engaged in any transaction referred to in this subdivision to furnish under oath, complete information relative thereto, including the production of any books of account, contracts, letters or other papers, in connection therewith in the custody or control of such person, either before or after such transaction is completed...” and “(c) Such other individuals, or body or class of individuals, as may be natives, citizens, or subjects of any nation with which the United States is at war, other than citizens of the United States, wherever resident or wherever doing business, as the President, if he shall find the safety of the United States or the successful prosecution of the war shall so require, may, by proclamation, include within the term ‘enemy’.” [emphasis added.]
It must be noted that a Government’s tactic of fostering emergencies and stepping in as the hero to extricate the people from the “difficulty” by dramatically increasing state power is as old as governments themselves (and as new as the war on terrorism as begun on 9-11-2001!). The U.S. bankruptcy occurring in 1861 placed the country under Emergency War Powers (12 Stat 319), which has never been repealed and exists in Title 50 United States Code (USC) §§212, 213, 215, Appendix 16, 26 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Chapter 1 § 303.1-6(a), and 31 CFR Chapter 5 § 500.701 Penalties. The Civil War was not fought over slavery, but over private bank control of America. On October 6, 1917, the United States passed the Trading With the Enemy Act (H.R. 4960, Public Law 91), granting itself extraordinary additional powers under the cover of WWI.
On March 9, 1933, just after Franklin Roosevelt’s Inauguration, Congress passed the Amendatory Act (48 Stat. 1 ) to the Trading With the Enemy Act, at a time when the United States was not in a shooting war with any foreign foe. This was due to the Government having become an administration for the Creditors in Bankruptcy, The amended version provided legal justification for dramatic increases in the power, scope, and authority of the U.S. Government (now owned by, and an administrative agency of, the bankers). Aspects of such increase are;
· The President -- or the Secretary of the Treasury (the latter an organization which is not listed as the “United States Secretary of the Treasury”, but “something else”) -- became the supreme authority (e.g. “King”) via Section 1 of Title I of the Act, i.e.
"The actions, regulations, rules, licenses, orders and proclamations heretofore or hereinafter taken, promulgated, made, or issued by the President of the United States or the Secretary of the Treasury, pursuant to the authority conferred by subdivision (b) of section 5 of the Act of October 6, 1917 as amended, are hereby approved and confirmed.”
This means that anything the President wants to do is “approved and confirmed” automatically, in advance (“hereinafter”) and backed by the full force, effect, and power of the “Government”.
· Title 12 USC 95(a) states in part:
“(a) In order to provide for the safer and more effective operation of the National Banking System and the Federal Reserve System [indicating that the President acts for, on behalf of, and under the direction of the Federal Reserve]... , during such emergency period as the President of the United States by proclamation may prescribe, ...”
Every President since Roosevelt has reaffirmed the “national emergency” and issued Executive Orders under 12 USC 95(a), while continuing the “reorganization” of the country to the Bankers. Since March 18, 1968, 31 USC 5112 (84 Stat. 1769; 1970) and 31 USC 5119, FRNs have not been redeemable in silver. In 1971-1973 President Nixon declared total international bankruptcy, rendering private Federal Reserve Notes unredeemable, non-negotiable (“floating”) pieces of paper as a medium of exchange. These Notes are listed in 26 USC 165(g) as “worthless securities”.
· The original Trading With the Enemy Act excluded citizens of the United States from being treated as the enemy when involved in transactions wholly within the United States. But the Amendatory Act of March 9, 1933, included the people of the United States as the enemy by inserting the following:
“... by any person within the United States or any place subject to the jurisdiction thereof; ...” Chapter 1, Title 1, Section 1(b).
By operation of law the American people became the “enemy” of the private Creditors in bankruptcy, which have thereafter been administering their prize/conquest through their alter ego, the “U.S. Government”. To regulate and control their slaves/chattel property, they rendered all intercourse illegal amongst the American people without obtaining paid for permission through licensing. To travel, a driver’s license is required; to open a business requires a business license (not to mention additional and on-going mountains of red tape); to work for another one must obtain licensing through a Social Security Account Number and card.
Revelation 13;17 in the New Testament states; “And that no man might buy or sell, save he that had the mark, or the name of the beast, or the number of his name.” Per Black's Law Dictionary, 5th edition, a mark/ marque is a “license of reprisal”. A Social Security Account Number is a commercial tracking number (Federal Reserve bank account number) enabling the bankers to monitor (tax and regulate) their commercial chattel property (you) anywhere in the world.
Notice that the word “mark” is synonymous with “marque” and both words have the same Etymology. A common definition of the two is a license of reprisal. The definition of license in Black’s 1 is: “In international law [i.e. trade or commerce] permission granted by a belligerent state to its own subjects, or to the subjects of the enemy, to carry on a trade interdicted by war.” As we have seen in the Amendatory Act of March 9, 1933 to the Trading With the Enemy Act of October 6, 1917, the American people were legally classified as enemies of their own government. To do business with their new enemy, the U.S. Government thereafter instituted wholesale licensing and issued Marks/Marques, or licenses, to the subjects of the enemy, to carry on a trade interdicted by war, thus enabling American men and women to buy or sell and otherwise engage in ‘trading with the enemy’ despite being at war.
For the average person to be identified and validated, and permitted to buy or sell in today’s industrial society, they must have a special mark, without which they are not allowed to participate. It is interesting that the word ‘mark’ is also a synonym for the terms “servicemark” and “trademark”, the special marks used to identify and distinguish “the services of a certain provider” or the product or products of a certain “manufacturer or seller.”
At this point, things may not be looking too good. But, of course, things can appear even bleaker, if a concerted effort is made. There is, for example, the spectre of the “One World Order”, and all the other Conspiracies, which may or may not be completely true. Included in the latter is a somewhat more radical position (than what has gone before) being espoused by Radio Free Michigan -- see Appendix below.
On a less conspiratorial agenda, there are the alternatives discussed in Common Law, Restorative Justice, Anarchy, Revolution and/or Creating Reality. Frankly, it’s time for a grass roots creation of a viable alternative -- one which hopefully will utilize such innovations as honesty, open disclosure, non-deception, and effective Justice. Keep in mind that there’s no time like the present to begin precisely such an effort.
Kingdoms Justice Liberty Justice, Order, and Law
The American Bankruptcy Emergency War Powers The Decree
Excerpts from the Radio Free Michigan archives:
United Nations Obtains Territorial Foothold, by A. J. Teel, Sui Juris, 1993
[Note the date of 1993, such that references to President George Bush are to the senior George Bush, and not the junior. Furthermore, the recent (2002) actions and threats of action against Iraq are apparently continuations of the efforts described below -- with the intervening years of relative peacefulness being those of President Clinton.]
The United States of America was and is bankrupt. It is owned entirely by its creditors.
It is not expedient at this time for the international bankers to admit they own everything and could foreclose on this and every other nation in the world. There are too many privately owned guns, uncooperative armies, and other military forces. In order to bring the world to the situation where this fact can be revealed and their foreclosure take place, the bankers need to bring the world under One World Government and consolidate the judiciary into one World Court. The United Nations and George Bush’s New World Order are the mechanism for this One World Government. Recent developments support this contention.
According to the District Court of Appeal in California on April 24, 1950, the United Nations Charter has superseded the Constitution for the United States of America. “The efforts of our government [in espousing the rights of less privileged nations] reached fruition in the convention of representatives of the nations of the earth at which the Charter of the United Nations was adopted. It was promptly ratified by the Senate of the United States, thereby proclaiming allegiance to its principles and providing precedent and example for other countries. The United States has consistently regarded its treaties with other nations as inviolate. The Charter [of the United Nations] has become ‘the supreme Law of the Land’; and the Judges in every State shall be bound thereby, any Thing in the Constitution or Laws of any State to the Contrary Notwithstanding.” [U.S. Const., Art. VI, sec 2.]
During the 1980’s, the Reagan/Bush Regime assisted in the arming and buildup of Iraq for a two-part reason. First, Iraq had stubbornly refused to allow its resources, about one quarter, if not more, of the world’s oil, as well as other minerals to be exploited by the international bankers. Second, Iraq had the world’s fifth largest army and this is obviously a threat to aforementioned bankers. To solve this dilemma, Reagan/Bush told Iraq to go ahead and do whatever was in its national interest, knowing full well that this would include the invasion of Kuwait.
In defense of Iraq, it may have legitimate reasons for claiming some of the territory of Kuwait as its own. Iraq is historically a seafaring nation. Sinbad the sailor was an Iraqi. The British arbitrarily carved up the region during this century with no regard to historical borders. Iraq claims, perhaps rightly so, that it used to have access to the sea and that Kuwait is in fact a part of its territory. (somewhat like Mexico claiming Texas or California...) In addition, the Emirs of Kuwait have been systematically destroying the Iraqi economy with their oil pricing policies.
This is not to say that Iraq is some star among nations or a beacon of freedom. There is a great deal of evidence that Iraq is a threat to many nations and that repeated atrocities have been committed, but our government sponsored mass-media presented image of Iraq, the monster, is a self-serving farce. Further, George Bush and his family own massive oil interests in the area giving them personal incentive to destabilize the region. When the United States convinced its allies to help in its invasion of Iraq and liberation of Kuwait, the world took a giant step toward One World Government.
The message to the people of the world was clear. With the demise of the Soviets as one of the two superpowers, the United States of America is now the world’s army. When it is in the interests of the bankers and other monied interests, this world’s army can and will take whatever action these powers deem economically prudent. If there is a nation that is withholding its resources from exploitation, the world government will use coercion, constructive fraud, and entrapment to fabricate a situation that will allow that nation's destruction. If one of the several States were to get out of line these powers could have it bombed flat with absolute impunity with the support of the international community (at least that’s the message).
The United States led the action against Iraq, asking all of the other nations to assist with the United Nations in the background adding legitimacy with its resolutions and laws. The stated reason for the action against Iraq was one of clear intent. One nation had violated the sovereign borders of another and was to be ousted from the its borders. When the clear intention of routing Iraq from Kuwait was accomplished, a set of not-so-clear-intentioned actions began. The “world’s army” began policing the interior of the country to assist the various ethnic factions who were committing a theoretically moral yet clearly illegal action of insurrection (illegal in the sense of the sovereignty of Iraq). Had the United States been similarly policed during the 1800's, surely similar force would have been used to assist the Native Americans while keeping the Calvary at bay. This double standard shows what the real intent is: namely, to destroy any opposition and force to the emerging new World Government or New World Order. This action shows that the United Nations can be involved in a war and can enforce certain ideologies upon the rest of the world.
Keeping in mind the fact that the United States is totally owned by its creditors, it is not surprising that the bankers got the biggest goon on the block [the US] that owed them money to perform the dirty work for them and lead the international forces. After all, we do have the best military and the most resources.
Iraq has shown us that the United Nations can conduct wars and overthrow governments (the overthrow of Iraq is not yet complete but is still being attempted through various pressures). [The same may be said for Afghanistan, where the oil resources of the Caspian Sea region -- and the intransigence of the Taliban to allow easy access to the international oil companies -- has made it the latest in sovereign nations being invaded. The fact that Iraq is again the “enemy of choice” (with Afghanistan supposedly subdued) is quite possible the simple recognition that Iraq has more (or other) oil than the Caspian Sea.]
1. "The Silver Bulletin Articles" by Bill Medina, c/o Post Office Box 70400, Sunnyvale, California, U.S.A., Postal Zone: 94087-0400, circa 1991
2. "The Howard Freeman Lecture" by Howard Freeman, America's Promise Ministries, c/o Post Office Box 157, Sandpoint, Idaho, U.S.A., Postal Zone: 83864, 1990
3. "Black's Law Dictionary, 5th Edition", West Publishing Company, Saint Paul, Minnesota, U.S.A., 1979
4. "The United States is Bankrupt Now", The American's Bulletin, c/o 3434 North Pacific Highway, Medford, Oregon, U.S.A., Postal Zone: 97501, 1993
5. Review of the United Nations Charter: A Collection of Documents, 83d Congress, 1st Session, United States Government Printing Office, Washington, District of Columbia, U.S.A., January 7, 1954
The Library of ialexandriah